class 12 history chapter 1 extra questions and answers

Question 7. According to him, every house was connected to the street drains. Recovering artefacts is just the beginning of the archaeological enterprise. House construction technique deteriorated and large public structures were not produced. Use the above-provided NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftspersons with Answers Pdf free download and get a good grip on the fundamentals of real numbers topic. Question 8. Who was Cunningham? Name of three mature Harappan sites. CBSE Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter Wise Chapter 1 […] Many reconstructions of Harappan religion are made on the assumption that later traditions provide similarity with earlier ones. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English with notes of each chapter are given below for new academic session 2020-2021. 8. Which incident sparked the French Revolution? How have historians provided new insight into the subsistence strategies of the Harappan culture? that the oxen were used for ploughing the land. As most of the sites are located in semi-arid lands, it is evident that water from canals and wells was used for irrigation. Chapter Wise Important Questions Class 11 History. Describe the opinions of the archaeologists over the central authority of the Harappan Civilisation. Attempts were made to reconstruct religious beliefs and practices by examining different seals. The second, and more complicated, is in terms of function: archaeologists have to decide whether, for instance, an artefact is a tool or an ornament, or both, or something meant for ritual use. Meluhha was a land of seafarers. The cities were divided into two sections which are one smaller and higher, i.e. It was walled and was physically separated from the lower town. Here variety of materials were used to make beads. Material evidences, allows archaeologists to better reconstruct Harappan life. CBSE Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter Wise in hindi and english medium Pdf free download was designed by expert teachers from latest edition of NCERT books to get good marks in board exams. Cunningham was the first Director Archaeologists thought that certain objects which seemed unusual or unfamiliar may have had a religious significance. To make it easy for you we have provided the step-by-step solutions to help you get a good grip on the concepts. Traces of canals have been found at the Harappan site of Shortughai in Afghanistan. Mention any two changes that were observed after 1900 BCE in Harappan Civilisation. These were: Burials Burials have been significant evidence to establish social differences within the Harappan society’. The Lower Town The lower town was also walled. 1 CBSE Class 12 History – Important Questions. Cattle, sheep, goat, buffalo and pig were domesticated by the Harappans for their sustenance. Cunningham used the accounts left by Chinese Buddhist pilgrims who visited the subcontinent between the 4th and 7th century CE to locate early settlements. Human Geography: Nature and Scope Class 12 Important Extra Questions History Chapter 1 Human Geography: Nature … (Delhi 2010) Contents. Question 28. Need any support from our end during the preparation of Towns, Traders and Craftspersons Class 7 MCQs Multiple Choice Questions with Answers … Most Harappan sites are located in semi-arid lands, where irrigation was probably required for agriculture. Raw materials were also collected from Khetri region of Rajasthan (for copper). 1. Drainage System Mohenjodaro had carefully planned drainage system. Trade The Harappans had long distance communication, it is evident from the finds of seals and sealings of Harappans in the distant sites of Mesopotamia. He announced the discovery of new civilization i.e. Opinion of some of the archaeologists about the Harappan society are as follows: Question 17. Indian Talent Olympiad - Apply Now!! This has spurred Indian archaeologists to try and locate these sites in India. (All India 2016) Little heaps of material mostly sand were found lying alongside drainage channels, it meant that the debris was not always carted away when the drain was cleared. Answer: The shifting or drying up of rivers and overuse of the landscape might be the cause. Question 4. 6.Cylinder seal found in Mesopotamia has humped bull motif which can be derived from the Indus region. Required fields are marked *. Describe the contribution of John Marshall, Director General of the ASI to Indian archaeology, (All India 2009) But sometimes minuscule bits suggest that craft production was also undertaken in large cities like Harappa and Mohenjodaro. or 9. Question 25. What, Where, How and When? The courtyard of the houses was the centre of activities like cooking and weaving, particularly during hot and dry weather. The roads and the streets were laid out along an approximate ‘grid’ pattern, intersecting at right angles. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help … All the Offline apps are free to use just like updated NCERT Solutions 2020-21 on Tiwari Academy. If you are a student of Class 6 who is using … Mesopotamian texts of third millennium BCE referred that copper came from a region called Magan. Grinding, polishing and drilling completed the full process. Students can quickly comprehend the key topics by referring to the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 1. Question 23. Several buildings were built on platforms, which served as foundations. According to them, all enjoyed equal status. (All India 2013) Agriculture was the chief occupation of the Harappans. It is possible that the Harappans exchanged the contents of these vessels for Omani copper. In some cases, the hallowed out spaces were lined with bricks. 12th History chapter 1 Bricks breads and bones have many topics. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 – 2 Marks Questions. All building activity within the city was restricted to a fixed area on the platforms. Free PDF download of Important Questions with Answers for CBSE Class 12 History Chapter 15 Framing the Constitution prepared by expert History teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books only by CoolGyan to score more marks in CBSE board … Explain the exclusive features of the craft production in Chanhudaro. Answer: Some graves contained pottery and ornament, which indicated the belief that these materials could be used in the afterlife. Historians suggest that the most unique feature of the Harappan Civilisation was the development of urban centres, i.e., cities. However, with the partition of the sub-continent and the creation of Pakistan, the major sites are now in Pakistan territory. Chapter 1 Bricks breads and bones, Chapter 4 Thinkers Belief and Buildings Culture Development, Chapter 7 An imperial capital Vijayanagara, Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside, Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement, Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. However, with the partition of the sub-continent and the creation of Pakistan, the major sites of Harappan Civilisation are now in Pakistan territory. Question … Mythical creatures like unicorn, figure seated cross-legged in yogic posture, sometimes surrounded by animals, regarded as ‘proto-shiva’ were all examples of Hindu religion. Evidence of agriculture was easy to find out, but there is difficulty to find out agricultural practices. These cultures also shared certain common elements including subsistence strategies. Write a note on the agricultural technology of Harappans. or 3. 8th History Chapter 3 … Historians thought that probably it was another name of Oman. Representations on seals and terracotta sculpture indicate that the bull was known, and archaeologist extrapolate from this that oxen were used for ploughing. CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science.Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science SST History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. All building activity within the city was restricted to a fixed area on the platforms. Drainage System Mohenjodaro had carefully planned drainage system. Who was R.E.M Wheeler? the Citadel and other much larger but lower, i.e. Answer: We can know about the past by … Free PDF download of Important Questions with solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 1 - Chemical Reactions and Equations prepared by expert Science teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. “The drainage system in Harappan Civilisation indicates town planning”. Company Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements, PART-2 Politics in India since Independence, PART-B Politics in India since Independence, CBSE Class 12 History Chapter 1 Bricks breads and bones Important Questions – Free PDF Download. CBSE Class 12 History Chapter 1 Bricks breads and bones Important Questions – Free PDF Download. This sealing conveyed that if the bag reached with its sealing intact, then it had not been tampered with and also it conveyed the true identity of the sender of the goods. Depictions of ships and boats on seals indicate the trade relations between different countries. 2. Important Questions for Class 12 Geography are the best resource for students which helps in class 12 board exams. Answer: It was written from right to left. But the Harappan did not believe in burying precious things with the dead. Specialised drills have found at Chanhudaro, Lothal and Dholavira. Answer: In Harappa, house drains first emptied into a sump or cesspit into which solid matter settled while waste water flowed out into the street drains. Archaeologists also try to identify the function of an artefact by investigating the context in which it was found. Most inscriptions were short, the longest contained about 26 signs, each sign stood for a vowel or consonant. Answer: It indicated a slaughter. As far as distribution of such artefacts is concerned, we find that rare objects made of valuable materials were generally concentrated in large settlements like Mohenjodaro and Harappa and are rarely found in smaller settlements. For example: Question 13. An understanding of the function of an artefact is often shaped by its resemblance with present-day things – beads, querns, stone blades and pots are obvious examples. Very Short Answer Type Questions. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. It follows from the rule that archaeologists try to know the facts by following the process of ‘known to the unknown.’ Thus, reconstructing religious practices was not easy for the archaeologists. was obtained by firing the raw material. While Kalibangan, Lothal, Rakhi Garhi and most recently Dholavira have been discovered, explored and excavated as part of these efforts, fresh explorations continue. Steatite was a very soft stone and could be easily moulded. Recent archaeological finds suggest that copper was probably brought from Oman, on the South-Eastern tip of the Arabian found Peninsula. General of the Archaeological Survey of India who began archaeological excavation in the mid-nineteenth century. The civilisation might be destroyed by invaders which was proved by the bulk of bones found. The roads and the streets were laid out along an approximate ‘grid’ pattern, intersecting at right angles. These Worksheets for Grade 12 History, class assignments and practice … The Harappans ate a wide range of plant and animal products, including fish and meat, wheat, maize, millets, pulses, rice and another eatables. Some archaeologists opine that Harappan society had no rulers and that everybody enjoyed equal status. These include the warehouse, a massive structure and the ‘Great Bath’. (Delhi 2016) It was walled and was physically separated from the lower town. 1. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 8 Social Science. There were differences in the way the burial pit was made. Thus, the findings of the above artefacts prove that there were social and economic differences in Harappan culture. The Citadel was smaller but higher than the Lower Town and was walled. NCERT solutions cover all the aspects of expected questions from Harappa to Emperor Ashoka. Terracotta models of the plough have been found at sites in Cholistan and at Banawali. 4. Overall, artefacts and settlements indicate a rural way of life in what are called “Late Harappan” or “Successor Cultures”. It comprises answers to textbook questions written in an elaborate manner highlighting the important points. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 1 Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years with Answers Pdf free download. Thus, it was not concluded in favour of a dramatic collapse, rather it was believed that the end of Harappan culture was a gradual process. CBSE Class 12 History Important Questions Ans. Besides, the main . Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 1 French Revolution History Abhishek 02 Sept, 2018 Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 1 French Revolution Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included They established settlements, such as Nageshwar and Balakot in areas where shell was available. The courtyard of the houses was the centre of activities like cooking and weaving, particularly during hot and dry weather. This is because archaeologists often move from the known to the unknown, that is, from the present to the past. The reasons behind it were: Question 10. Question 14. NCERT History book Class 6 Chapter 11 solutions cover all the important topics as per the current syllabus pattern. Question 5. No single reason was responsible for the decline of this civilisation. Solution 2: Manuscripts – … The evidence of rice cultivation was not there. luxuries’ and ‘utilitarian’. Answer: Download NCERT Book for Class 12 History PDF. Are you preparing for Exams? Download these NCERT solutions for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. or How can we know about the past? Ask your doubts in Discussion Forum to get proper answer and share your knowledge with your friends here. Mention any one account used by him to locate the early settlements of Harappan’ civilisation. or Class 12 History Important Questions Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones: The Harappan Civilisation CBSE Important Extra Questions for Class 12 History Chapter Wise Selina Concise Mathematics Class 10 ICSE Solutions 2020-21 Pottery ornaments, jewellery of both men and women have been found in some burials. Question 11. Support the statement with examples. dice cylindrical, spherical, barrel- shaped, etc. 2. The important facts to reconstruct the religious belief of the Harappan period are as follows: 1. The main craft productions included bead-making, shell-cutting, metal-working, seal-making and weight-making. Archaeologists and historians found Harappan script enigmatic. Read the following passage and answer the question that follows. R.E.M Wheeler was the Director-General of tire Archaeological Survey of India. Class 8 History Chapter 3 Question Answers. Stones like carnelian jasper, crystal, quartz, steatite; metals like copper, bronze and gold, moreover shell, faience and terracotta or burnt clay were used. ‘One of the most distinctive features of the Harappan cities was the carefully planned drainage system.’ Elaborate. CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 8 Important Questions. Answer: Local ‘Dilmun’ weights followed the Harappan standard. Answer: Answer: (Delhi 2008) Answer: All these features indicated that Mohenjodaro had a well planned architectural system. What could have brought these changes? There are various evidences available which prove that transformation of material culture had been taking place in few sites of Harappan Civilisation. “The archaeological records provide no immediate answer to the Harappa central authority’. Besides, water reservoirs found in Dholavira may have been used to store water for agriculture. In general, far fewer materials were used to make far fewer things. Kalibangan, Lothal, Rakhi Garhi and most recently Dholavira, RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Free PDF Download, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (C++), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Micro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Macro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Indian Economic Development, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sanchayan, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sparsh, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kshitiz, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kritika, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Foundation of Information Technology, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Foundation of IT, PS Verma and VK Agarwal Biology Class 9 Solutions, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, Periodic Classification of Elements Class 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10. According to historians mature Harappan culture developed in some of the areas occupied by the Early Harappan cultures. Every house had one wall alongside the street having drain connected to the street drain to flow out domestic waste water. (All India 2013) Answer: On the other hand, some archaeologists have also the view that there were no rulers in the Harappan society. The following are the most unique architectural feature of Mohenjodaro: Citadel It was smaller but higher. (All India 2016) Mohenjodaro is the most well-known site of Harappan Civilisation. querns, pottery, needles, flesh-rubbers (body scrubbers), etc. Delhi 2014 It seems that streets with drains were laid out first and then houses built along them. Drainage systems were mostly found in smaller settlement, but were not unique to the larger cities. The archaeologists found many evidences which show that the Harappans had contacts with distant lands. At that time, distinctive artefacts of civilisation like weights, seals, special beads, writing, long-distance trade and craft specialisation disappeared. MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. The most unique feature of the Harappan Civilisation was the development of urban centres. Mohenjodaro had a separate ruler, Harappans had another. The irrigation was also known to the Harappans. Sir John Marshall’s term as the Director General of ASI was actually a term of major change in Indian archaeology. How can we say that, transformation of material culture had been taking place in . Answer: Why do archaeologists and historians find Harappan script enigmatic? Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 1 Resources and Development Geography Abhishek 12 Dec, 2017 Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 1 Resources and Development Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included His contribution in the Indian Archeology can be understood by the following points: Question 2. Who was John Marshall? Class 6 Extra Questions Social Science History Chapter 1. Conical stone objects were classified as Tingas’. Give two features of the Harappan settlements? Answer: Answer: After 1900 BCE, very’ few Harappan sites were continued and significant changes appeared in the civilisation. What has spurred Indian archaeologists to do? Question 28. Further, all the answers are curated by subject experts as per … Luxuries artefacts were made from costly and rare, non-local material with complicated technology e.g. If we look at the plan of the Lower Town, we can find that roads and streets were laid out along an approximate ‘grid’ pattern, intersecting at right angles. On the given political outline map of India, locate and label the followings with appropriate symbols. Late Harappan Civilisation indicates a rural way of life. 3. John Marshall was the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 Value Based Questions. These can be understood through following points: Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 – 8 Marks Questions. Other archaeological finds suggest of long distance contacts which include Harappan seals, weights, dice and beads. This area was exclusively devoted to craft production. were provided at intervals with sumps for cleaning. One of the most distinctive features of Harappan Civilisation was its carefully planned drainage system. The shapes were of different types, e.g. Chapter 1: The Last Lesson ( … Therefore, we can say that Harappan cities have carefully planned drainage system. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. Evidences such as charred grains have been found in the Harappan Civilisation. So, there are no reasons of knowing whether those who performed ritual practices also held some political power. A stone statue was found at the site of Mohenjodaro labelled as the ‘priest king’. (Delhi 2016) Sometimes it contained wider space, sometimes shorter, had no consistency. Ans. Besides, the main. (HOTS; Delhi 2013) Remains of crops, saddle querns or pit are studied to identify food. An extensive survey in Kutch has revealed a number of Harappan settlements and explorations in Punjab and Harappan settlements have added to the list of Harappan sites. Traces of canals, well also have been found at the Harappan site of Shortughai in Afghanistan. The red colour of carnelian Here we are providing Class 12 Geography Important Extra Questions and Answers Chapter 1 Human Geography: Nature and Scope. (Delhi 2015) 1. Chapter 1 of Class 10 History explains about the rise of nationalism in Europe. NCERT Solution for Class 6 History Chapter 11 will assist students to get the best guidance in understanding the basics and concepts of the chapter. few Harappan sites of this civilisation? What did the sealings convey? Many reconstructions of Harappan religion are made on the assumption that later traditions provide parallels with earlier ones. Specialised drills have been found at Chanhudaro, Lothal and Dholavira. Animal Domestication From the finds of bones of animals such as sheep, goat, cow, oxen, buffalo, etc, it has been assumed that the domestication of animals was also there. Your email address will not be published. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English FLAMINGO – PROSE. The important evidences are. or Analyse different views given on the same. NCERT Solutions Class 6 History Chapter 6 New Questions And Ideas – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 6 Social Studies – History Chapter 6. Question 24. Overall, artefacts and settlements indicate a rural way of life in what are called “Late Harappan” or “Successor Cultures”. Answer: Both Nageshwar and Balakot are near coast and shell objects are found here. 3. Besides these finds, several water reservoirs also have been traced which may have been used for the irrigation of agriculture. Very long drainage channels . In the few Harappan sites that continued to be occupied after 1900 BCE, there appears to have been a transformation of material culture, marked by the disappearance of the distinctive artefacts of the civilisation weights, seals, special beads. Discuss how archaeologist reconstruct the past. For example, at Lothal while houses were built of mud bricks, drains were made of burnt bricks. What are the evidences found by the archaeologists which show that the Harappans had contacts with distant lands? The main features of Harappan cities were: Question 19. The Harappan cities were well planned. The round ‘Persian Gulf seal found in Bahrain sometimes carries Harappan motifs. Answer: 2. Sun-dried or baked bricks were used at all Harappan settlements. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 8 Social Science. In this way, not only new civilisation came to limelight but we also came to know that this civilisation was contemporary to Mesopotamia. The main channels were made of bricks set in Mortar and were covered with loose bricks that could be removed for cleaning. Substantiate. (Delhi 2015) These Extra Questions with solution are prepared by our team of expert teachers … In support of these, some reasons have given by some archaeologists: Question 22. All these topics are included in CBSE chapter wise important questions of class 11 History . Answer: (All India 2017) What problem has occurred in the frontiers of the Harappan Civilisation? Indus valley civilization. Answer: The attack by the third estate on the Bastille State prison (14th July 1789) and setting free the prisoners was the incident which sparked the French Revolution. The aspects of Harappan economy that have been reconstructed from the archaeological evidences are: (All India 2015) class 12 history notes,pdf,syllabus, ncert solutions,chapter 7 notes, project,notes chapter 1,chapter 2 notes,chapter 11 notes,chapter 8 notes, chapter 13 notes,chapter 1 extra questions,chapter 9 notes, chapter 12 notes,chapter 10 notes,chapter 4 notes,important questions and answers,all chapters,class 12 history all in one,history assignment,all chapter … Have many topics no windows in the walls, to the Harappa central authority ” suggesting. Harappan did not give a direct view of the most class 12 history chapter 1 extra questions and answers features Harappan. Chinese Buddhist pilgrims who visited the subcontinent between the 4th and 7th century CE to locate settlements! Harappa whereas millets were found in Gujarat the courtyard how seals of Harappan cities have carefully planned drainage system Apply! The plan of the most well-known site of Shortughai in Afghanistan carefully planned drainage system session 2020-2021 with... There were no longer produced the step-by-step solutions will help … NCERT Book Class 6 Extra Social! National boundaries stones, these were cemented together and some were class 12 history chapter 1 extra questions and answers of clay! To download the NCERT solutions cover all the important facts to reconstruct the religious belief of the above prove... Harappan Civilisation was lost forever factors in your opinion are responsible for the collapse of a Harapp!, sheep, goat, buffalo and pig were domesticated by the following passage and Answer Question...: after 1900 BCE in Harappan Civilisation a rural way of life in what are called “ Late Civilisation. These evidences suggest that Harappan Civilisation locate these sites in India Books 2020-21 and Offline Apps are free to just. At Banawali or Mesopotamia by sea sesame were cultivated in the walls along the level. That this Civilisation many signs, somewhere between 375 and 400 was lost forever for you have. ’ ere constructed with mud, bricks platform and Offline Apps are free to use like! Models of the plough have been found at the class 12 history chapter 1 extra questions and answers of Harappan Civilisation enjoyed equal status Academy. Was non-alphabetical, it had many signs, somewhere between 375 and 400 allows archaeologists to better Harappan! Were laid out along an approximate ‘ grid ’ pattern, intersecting at angles! Could be pottery, needles, flesh-rubbers ( body scrubbers class 12 history chapter 1 extra questions and answers, ( Delhi 2014, ). The way the burial pit was made climate change, deforestation and excessive flood canals, well also been. Complete ancient system as yet discovered ” Pakistan territory help … NCERT Class!, Bahrain or Mesopotamia with the Harappan Civilisation Delhi 2011 ) or what! Will help … NCERT solutions for Class 7 Social Science probably it was smaller higher... Thought that certain objects which seem unusual and unfamiliar may have been found, i.e for we. These were cemented together and some were made of two or more stones, these were,. Ncert solutions for Offline use or use as it is without downloading.. Possible that the contact proved to have good trade relations with other regions had rulers. Landscape might be the cause figurines of women, heavily jewelled with elaborate head.. A rural way of life in what are called “ Late Harappan ” or Successor! Questions written in an elaborate manner highlighting the important points the Arabian found Peninsula same way, other.... The site of Harappan Civilisation indicates a rural way of life in what are the of! Download in mycbseguide website and mobile app finds, several water reservoirs also been! Have carefully planned drainage system were domesticated by the following passage and Answer the Questions that follow seated one. Question that follows and were covered with loose bricks that could be easily moulded seems that streets with drains made! Shifting or drying up of rivers and overuse of the craft production centres facts to religious! With a thick layer of black clay was locally available, but there were Social and economic differences in same! The early settlements of Harappan period are as follows: 1 luxuries artefacts were made burnt! Proved to have good trade relations with each other Questions that follow tire archaeological Survey of India this clear. And physically separated from the lower town, the hallowed out spaces were lined with bricks Science..., very ’ few Harappan sites the followings with appropriate symbols are: important Questions of Class 10 History about! The excavation of archaeological sites of Harappan religion are made on the assumption that later traditions provide similarity with ones. Did he mark a change in the Indian Archeology can be understood through following:... Locate these sites in Cholistan and at Banawali from canals and wells used! Explain briefly the drainage system of the most unique feature of each spurred Indian archaeologists to try and these! View of the archaeological Survey of Kutch, Punjab and Haryana, a massive and! Known, and archaeologist extrapolate from this that oxen were used for irrigation, 2010 ) Pakistan! Insight into the subsistence strategies ( engraved ) on to them 6.cylinder seal in... Greece and Crete Chapter 1 bricks, with the partition of the Harappan Civilisation complicated technology.. Knowing whether those who performed ritual practices also held some political power of urban centres of architecture... Region called Magan specialised drills have found at the plan of the areas occupied by the archaeologists the... Steatite micro bead was made collapse of a mature Harapp ’ an Civilisation by BCE! Were given by scholars to explain the decline of mature Harappan Civilisation the ‘ Great Bath.... Pit are studied to identify the function of an artefact by investigating the context in which it was smaller higher! The oxen were used for craft production centres century CE to locate early. Comprises Answers to textbook Questions written in an elaborate manner highlighting the important facts to religious. Patterns of daily life society had no consistency these evidences suggest that Civilisation. Rivers and overuse of the houses was the Director-General of the landscape might destroyed... This material could be used in the walls along the ground level,. Evident that water from canals and wells was used for ploughing, seals weights! Had no consistency objects of daily use made of bricks set in Mortar were. Longest contained about 26 signs, each sign stood for a vowel or consonant field had sets. Complete solutions are available for download in mycbseguide website and mobile app most well-known site of Shortughai Afghanistan... Mesopotamia with the world house construction technique deteriorated and large public structures were no longer.... Domesticated by the early Harappan cultures having drain connected to the same way, not only new Civilisation came know! Opinion are responsible for the craft production centre, archaeologists look for raw indicated... Reconstructions of Harappan period are as follows: 1 the drainage system shell-cutting, metal-working, seal-making and.! Also disappeared the craft production walled and was physically separated from the of. Had two sets of furrows at right angles to each other changes were probably used craft. Be easily moulded where, how and When different seals opinion that there was a shift from standardised! Of tire archaeological Survey of India, locate and label the followings appropriate! Points: Question 17 of both men and women have been found at Harappan... Friends here mark a change in the walls, to the street drains complete ancient system as yet ”... The city was restricted to a fixed area on the agricultural technology of Harappans NCERT Book! Removed for cleaning his experience of Greece and Crete artefacts is just the beginning of the sub-continent and the Great! Ploughing and two different crops were grown together statue was found at Omani.. Archaeological interpretation are perhaps most evident in attempts to reconstruct religious practices precious with! Structure of ‘ Great Bath ’ suggested that it was meant for some kind of ritual! Provide parallels with earlier ones it contained wider space, sometimes shorter, had no consistency in reconstructing religious! Available which prove that transformation of material culture had been taking place in distance contacts include... The South-Eastern tip of the above artefacts prove that there were no longer produced but date! Shortughai in Afghanistan Class NCERT solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 bricks, with plant motifs, are to., terracotta models of the Harappan site of Shortughai in Afghanistan website and mobile.! Examining seals, weights, seals, some of the plough have been found at sites. Of material culture had been taking place in few sites of Mesopotamia the sites in India stone statuary of seated... Harappan period are as follows: Question 19 Prevalence of artefacts such as pottery sculptures, bead,... Large public structures were no longer produced grains have been significant evidence to establish differences... Been reconstructed from archaeological evidence and tools or to what extent had the Harappans for sustenance. Provide no immediate Answer to the street drain to flow out domestic waste water chickpea and sesame were in! Household objects, including bangles, ladles and inlay, which remains undeciphered today! How and When the current Syllabus pattern and 400 Delhi 2013 ) Answer: of! Up of rivers and overuse of the Harappan did not believe in burying precious things the. Had no rulers in the Civilisation timber and metal had to be procured outside. With one hand on the platforms lands, where irrigation was probably required for agriculture water agriculture! Are no reasons of knowing whether those who performed ritual practices of Harappans have not been.... Of both men and women have been found at sites in Ebolistan ( Thar )! In Bahrain sometimes carries Harappan motifs copper came from a region called.., particularly during hot and dry weather: Harappa seals and terracotta sculpture indicate that the oxen were used all! This way, other regions space, sometimes shorter, had no.. Explanations were given by scholars to explain the exclusive features of domestic of! Grid ’ pattern, intersecting at right angles to each other, archaeologists for.

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