western terrestrial garter snake colorado

Toggle menu. [4][5], This species is the only garter snake species with a well-documented tendency to constrict prey, although the constriction is inefficient when compared with the constriction of many other snakes (such as the gopher snake), involving disorganized, loose, and sometimes unstable coils and a longer time required to kill prey. The snake is diurnal. The Central Plains milk snake is an opportunistic hunter, eating a wide variety of small vertebrates. Life-cycle. Most western terrestrial garter snakes have a yellow, light orange, or white dorsal stripe, accompanied by two stripes of the same color, one on each side. Terrestrial Gartersnake, Western Terrestrial Garter Snake, ArizonaArizona Garter Snake, Elegans: Mountain Garter Snake, Errans: Mexican Wandering Garter Snake, Hueyi: San-Pedro-Martir Garter Snake, Mountain Garter Snake, Terrestris: Coast Garter Snake, Vagrans: Wandering Garter Snake, Vascotanneri: Upper Basin Garter Snake Found throughout Colorado, they adapt well to areas where agricultural activity alters the landscape. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. I have, however, not hung around to see the process to its conclusion. Remember 42f or below at night time low is mandatory hold for pickup at your closest FedEx Ship Center! When hunting, the Western Garter Snake's actions are chemically and visually mediated on land and in water. Ryan gets a little upset when all we find are Rattlesnakes, nothiing for him to hold. Colorado; Categories. Of the four species of garter snake found in Colorado, the blackneck garter snake is the least common. Night of the Rattlesnakes. [12], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T63976A12732762.en, "NatureServe and IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2007. The only species of water snake in the state, northern water snakes are found in northeastern and southeastern Colorado. Size, color, habitat, behavior, feeding habits; each species has a different expression of these characteristics making them unique and special in their own way. Colorado is home to three venomous snakes: the western massasauga rattlesnake, the midget faded rattlesnake and the prairie rattlesnake. Due to dietary and foraging differences between variants of T. elegans, it can be inferred that coastal populations have filled a niche in the environment that allows them to no longer rely on fish as a major food source. They are most active at night and average 2-2.5 feet in length and, like bullsnakes, are excellent burrowers. Herping Colorado Road Cruise 8/5/2012. These snakes are known to prey upon fish and amphibians. Northern water snakes are often mistaken for venomous cottonmouth snakes, which are not found in Colorado. Learn more about becoming a Museum Insider. In this photo, a Plains garter is eating a toad. Some varieties have red or black spots between the dorsal stripe and the side stripes. The smooth green snake is a uniform grass green color. Posts Tagged ‘Western Terrestrial Garter Snake’ Western Terrestrial Garter Snake. They can be pink, red, or brown/gray in color and feed on small mammals and birds, toads, frogs, lizards, and other snakes, including rattlesnakes. Like the hognose snake, night snakes use their venomous saliva to subdue their prey. … This preference in diet is so strong that the snake will starve before eating non-preferred prey types. Henderson Building Generally considered harmless to people, their bite can cause minor swelling or itching and if bitten by a garter snake clean the bite thoroughly. Colorado is home to three venomous snakes: the western massasauga rattlesnake, the midget faded rattlesnake and the prairie rattlesnake. This elegant little garter snake is a frequent visitor to many backyards throughout its range. Great Plains rat snakes are often found near rodent habitats, their prey of choice. Like encounters with most wild animals, observe snakes from a safe distance. It lives in remote areas of the southeast and southwest corners of state, and spends a great deal of time in burrows or underground. It is an immensely variable species, and even the most experienced herpetologists have trouble when it comes to identification. The background color between the stripes is brownish or greenish. Colorado is home to 29 species of snakes found in a variety of habitats throughout the state. Lined snakes are small, secretive snakes who spend most of their time in canyon bottoms under rocks, logs, and debris with damp, loose soil. Western Terrestrial Garter Snake The medium-sized snake is basically terrestrial, but at times it becomes semi-aquatic. Most western terrestrial garter snakes have a yellow, light orange, or white dorsal stripe, accompanied by two stripes of the same color, one on each side. 5 Prairie Rattlesnakes. They are speckled black, red, and cream colored with a long snout. [11] Bullsnakes feed mostly on rodents and do not prey on rattlesnakes, which is a common misconception. In contrast, inland populations indulge in a semi-aquatic diet containing frog and toad larvae, leeches, and fish. Western Terrestrial (Wandering)Garter Snake. However, the constriction done by the western terrestrial garter snakes in Colorado has been found to be effective enough to kill their prey unlike the ones in the pacific coast. [2], Thamnophis elegans occurs in a wide variety of habitats, including grasslands, woodlands, and coniferous forests, from sea level up to 3,962 m (12,999 ft). Centipedes and scorpions have you frozen in terror? Click Image for more photos. For individual pictures or quick questions please text (only text) 305-787-2371. Guide and Reference to the Snakes … Welcome to Snakes at Sunset, the largest selection of Reptiles for Sale in the entire country! Garter snakes are active during the daytime, sunning themselves to keep warm or in the shade on warmer days. Wormlike in appearance, these ant and termite eating snakes rarely grow larger than 12 inches in length. Minden Pictures is recognized worldwide as the foremost provider of wildlife and nature stock photography for use by publishing and advertising professionals. Have a mouse problem at home? 1 Western Terrestrial Garter (Found in Colorado on the way home.) Please check back soon for updates or join our mailing list. The Great Basin gopher snake is active during the day, except for in hot weather, and like the bullsnake, is a very good climber and burrower. As their name suggests, their coloration varies between a uniform light tan/orange to red and black bands. Ringnecks survive on a diet of earthworms, small frogs and lizards, and insects. Its range in Colorado is limited to the southern portion of the state. Most western terrestrial garter snakes have a yellow, light orange, or white dorsal stripe, accompanied by two stripes of the same color, one on each side. Western terrestrial garter snakes are found throughout Colorado, except the northeastern corner of the state. Garter Snake Species Found in Colorado. Find the perfect western terrestrial garter snake stock photo. In addition to fish, they will also eat crayfish and adult and larval amphibians. It’s also the most important, because garter snake diets are tricky, and feeding your snake the wrong kind of food can have serious — even fatal — consequences.It’s also a question that frequently gets a lot of wrong answers, from pet store workers who insist that they eat crickets, to hobbyists who get confused about whi… Found under surface cover in canyon bottoms or riparian habitat in southeastern Colorado, prairie ringnecks are identified by slate colored scales with an orange ring around the neck, and bellies vibrantly colored in red, yellow and orange. This makes the western terrestrial garter snake an excellent example of polyphagism. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_terrestrial_garter_snake&oldid=993349484, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 03:42. To quantitatively evaluate that perception, we compared the constricting behavior of T. elegans to that of a more typical constrictor, the gopher snake, Pituophis catenifer. It is an immensely variable species, and even the most experienced herpetologists have trouble when it comes to identification. Handling them can harm them and you. An isolated population occurs in Baja California, Mexico. These fast snakes feed on a wide range of prey, from small amphibians and reptiles (including other snakes) to small rodents and birds. Massasauga rattlesnakes use their small rattle more like a scorpion tail, quickly jerking the rattle back and forth, and twitching their head in a quick, deliberate manner. At least five subspecies are currently recognized. General campus access information is available online. We are currently closed while the university monitors the impacts of COVID-19. Their saliva is toxic to prey, which includes toads, lizards, reptile eggs, small mammals, birds, and insects. Distribution, relative abundance, and habitat Distribution, relative abundance, and habitat associations of amphibians and reptiles on Craig Mountain, Idaho distributionrela11llew Year: 1998 Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Thamnophis Elegans W Terrestrial Garter Snake observations // Roads 0 2 4 6 8 10 Miles 0 2 4 6 8 10 Kilometers G Figure 21. This is a North American snake that is venomous, but that is not detrimental for people. A male Wandering Garter Snake (60 cm TL, 44.5 cm SVL) was in a stage of shedding as was another male of 45 cm TL (35 cm SVL). [12] They are also less likely to attack and ingest fish. They start looking for food and often become aggressive in order to survive. They are found in eastern Colorado and along the Front Range near permanent or semi-permanent sources of water. Privacy • Legal & Trademarks • Campus Map. They become more common to the west and are a common snake … All-black individuals are occasionally found. Variable ground snakes are rather small. Also called the pale milk snake, this species typically has black, orange/red and white bands or areas along its body. Gift Certificates; Account ; 0. 12:39. They feast on centipedes, millipedes, beetle larvae and caterpillars. They are found throughout eastern Colorado and can be identified by their plain brown to olive green or teal color and yellow belly. Henderson Building, 15th and Broadway, Boulder, CO 80309, 303-492-6892  303-492-4195 cumuseum@colorado.edu, University of Colorado Boulder© Regents of the University of Colorado Night snakes are tan with dark areas on their backs and golden eyes. Prairie rattlesnakes give birth to live young. Colorado Snake Hunters 7,739 views. Scientific name: Thamnophis elegans vagrans PDF version of this page . It should not be difficult to convert a snake of this species to a mouse-based diet, though there are always exceptions. Glossy snakes can be aggressive when confronted by humans, often striking and biting repeatedly. These snakes are found close to rivers, streams, and other permanent sources of water. On the other hand, if the snake population is considered to be inland, it is found near inland water sources such as streams, ponds, or lakes. They are feisty and strike when cornered, often toward one’s face. “What should I feed it?”That’s easily the most common question asked by beginning garter snake keepers. Texas blind snakes are secretive, burrowing snakes found in loose, damp soil under rocks in the southeastern corner of Colorado. One cowboy's partnership with horses - Duration: 9:50. Whether they thrill you or terrify you, these creatures provoke strong reactions in us. - Minden Pictures - (western and (terrestrial or terrestri) and (gartersnake or gartersnak)) [9], The western terrestrial garter snake does not lay eggs, but instead is ovoviviparous, which is characteristic of natricine snakes. Western yellow-bellied racers are found in the northwest and west-central areas of Colorado. They have pale off-white stripes on the sides of their bodies. Have no fear, the variable ground snake is here! Amphibians for sale . Similar striped gartersnake species include the black-necked gartersnake and the northern Mexican gartersnake. [13] Regardless the habitat in which foraging takes place, both ecotypes utilize similar techniques. No need to register, buy now! They feed on lizards and their eggs, as well as small snakes and rodents. Learn more about becoming a Museum Insider! Adults vary from 16 to 43 inches in length. Western Milksnake Speckled Kingsnake Common Watersnake Smooth Greensnake Great Plains Ratsnake Gophersnake New Mexico Threadsnake Long-nosed Snake Massasauga Western Groundsnake Smith's Black-headed Snake Plains Black-headed Snake Black-necked Gartersnake Western Terrestrial Gartersnake Western Ribbonsnake Plains Gartersnake Like many species of North American garter snake, the western terrestrial garter snake possesses a mildly venomous saliva. Eastern yellow-bellied racers are active during daylight hours April – October. The black-necked gartersnake (Thamnophis cyrtopsis) is typically described as a Southwest species. ABSTRACT.-Western terrestrial garter snakes (Thamnophis elegans) are the only Thamnophis known to constrict prey, and previous studies suggest that they are relatively inefficient constrictors. Black-necked Garter Snake Thamnophis cyrtopsis; Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Thamnophis elegans; Western Ribbon Snake Thamnophis proximus; Plains Garter Snake Thamnophis radix; Common Garter Snake Thamnophis sirtalis; Articles and News. These small snakes can be found right here in Boulder. How to make a horse a friend. [11] There are two main variants that are most prevalent: coastal and inland. The diet of Thamnophis elegans relies heavily on the prey available in the environment, and thus varies due to geographical differences. The Plains garter snake is distinguished from other garter snakes by the bright orange stripe running down the length of its body. Spiders taking over your garden? The snakes you see here are stored in an isopropyl alcohol solution. Some varieties have red or black spots between the dorsal stripe and the side stripes. [6][7] Snakes from Colorado populations of terrestrial garter snakes appear to be more efficient at killing their prey by constriction than those from Pacific Coast populations. It is primarily terrestrial, although populations in the Great Basin and Rocky Mountains are semi-aquatic. Named after the famous CU Herpetologist Hobart Smith, the southwestern black-headed snake, or Smith's black-headed snake, is another small, secretive snake that lives in western Colorado in canyon bottoms with sandy, rocky soil. [13] Thus, aquatic food sources are a staple in the inland snake populations' diet. [9], Six subspecies have been identified, although the validity of some of them is debated. There’s a snake for that too! Western terrestrial garter snake is a species of snake belonging to the family Colubridae, found in western North America. Both male and female snakes attain sexual maturity around the age of 1.5 years. Their bellies are white with two rows of black dots and their back scales are striped tan, green, and brown. The venom can immobilize small preys only, that helps the snake swallow them. However, the constriction done by the western terrestrial garter snakes in Colorado has been found to be effective enough to kill their prey unlike the ones in the pacific coast. [12] These include craning, cruising, and diving. The constriction is not as strong as constriction done by other species of snakes that constricts their prey. Though mating can sometimes occur in fall, breeding predominantly takes place in spring. They eat lizards and small rodents found in plains grassland habitat and canyon bottoms in eastern Colorado. Colorado Snakes - Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans) They are found in dry sandy habitats where their rodent prey is easy to come by. Kingsnakes prey upon rattlesnakes, as well as other snakes, lizards, rodents, and amphibians. The University of Colorado Museum of Natural History plays an important role in the study of snakes in Colorado with over 66,000 specimens of reptile and amphibians in its collections. Coastal populations' food sources mainly include terrestrial prey such as slugs, salamanders, small mammals, and lizards. In these metropolitan areas they share space with the Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans), the most common of the state’s gartersnakes. The species is solitary when they are active, but hibernate communally during winter. Feeds: Posts Comments. Their senses of taste and smell are combined and sensed through the Jacobson's organ, a series of sensory pits at the roof of the mouth. Most western terrestrial garter snakes have a yellow, light orange, or white dorsal stripe, accompanied by two stripes of the same color, one on each side. The striped whipsnake got its name from its resemblance to leather whips and is found along the Western Slope. These small, secretive snakes are typically found in rough terrain under rocks during the day, or on the road at night. Birds; Birds of Prey; Mammals; Reptiles; Blog at WordPress.com. Visitors usually only get a short glance of the Western Terrestrial Gartner Snake as it quickly moves away for safety when discovered. This snake is distinguished by three yellow stripes (one dorsal, two lateral) running the length of the body and a series of black spots situated between, and somewhat on, the stripes. Some varieties have red or black spots between the dorsal stripe and the side stripes. I see few of these Western Terrestrial Garter Snakes. [8] It can be found in the western United States, as far east as western Nebraska and the Oklahoma Panhandle. They are smaller in size than prairie rattlesnakes but their venom is far more toxic. The western ribbon snake has only been found in a small region in southeastern Colorado. They are medium-sized snakes, usually 46–104 cm (18–41 in). The subspecies of Western Terrestrial Garter Snake found in B.C. Longnosed snakes are found in the southeastern corner of Colorado. Center for Snake Conservation Herping Trip 8/01/12. [12] Further, this appears to be genetically determined as this variation in diet is observed in newborn snakes from both populations. The diversity found among these species is simply amazing. During their active months of April–September, they are found in moist soil under rocks, logs, and in dried cow dung in the foothills and grasslands. However, coastal snakes are less likely to participate these activities. Great Plains rat snakes are found in the southeast and west/central regions of Colorado. These long, sleek snakes feed primarily on lizards and other small vertebrates and insects. The midget faded rattlesnake is a subspecies of the western rattlesnake and found only in far west-central Colorado. Search. Shiny or “glossy” scales cover their bodies, typically 3 feet in length. commonly is called the “Wandering” Garter Snake. Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans) Western Terrestrial Garter Snakes are sometimes mistaken for bullsnakes or rattlesnakes. The western terrestrial garter snake (Thamnophis elegans) is a western North American species of colubrid snake. Right from the birth, the young western garter snakes are on their own and there is no parental care involved. She was in a stage of shedding and follicles/embryos could be feld. Four more Wandering Garter Snakes were found. Their prey includes spiders, centipedes and scorpions. Their main prey are earthworms. Understanding these differences and getting to know the rich natural histories of snakes can help reduce fear and increase respect for these often misunderstood creatures. They are also one of the largest, growing as large as 6 feet in length. It can be found in a variety of habitats near permanent sources of water. Some varieties have red or black spots between the dorsal stripe and the side stripes. While many people are frightened by snakes, the fact remains that snakes play an important role in the ecosystems in which they are found. Your Cart. [3] Several cases of mild human envenomation with local edema and other symptoms (but without any systemic symptoms) have occurred from the wandering garter snake subspecies, including in Colorado. Prairie rattlesnakes are venomous pit vipers found in a variety of habitats throughout Colorado. These snakes have cream and olive colored stripes along their long, slender bodies. Found throughout the Western Slope, the smooth green snake is active during the day and feeds on insects, spiders, and other invertebrates. Handling them can harm them and you. They are medium-sized snakes, usually 46–104 cm (18–41 in). These medium-sized snakes can often be seen in the summer basking on the stonewall surrounding Varsity Pond on the CU Boulder campus. CBC Docs Recommended for you. This page uses frames, but your browser doesn't support them. Join us today and support the Museum’s ongoing mission of research, education, and stewardship of the largest collection of natural and human history artifacts in the Rocky Mountain Region. 15th and Broadway, Boulder, CO 80309Directions and Parking. Coral snakes are a large group of elapid snakes that can be subdivided into two distinct groups, Old World coral snakes and New World coral snakes. Read Full Post » Pages. Western Hognose Snakes have an upturned snout and keeled scales; each scale has a raised ridge, making them rough to the touch. Bullsnakes are amazing burrowers using their snout to dig and head and neck to scoop out soil. They are similar to eastern yellow-bellied racers but found west of the Rocky Mountains. The dam that forms Varsity Lake on the University of Colorado campus is solid, but nevertheless riddled with crevices that provide safe havens for western terrestrial garter snakes, Thamnophis elegans. It is an immensely variable species, and even the most experienced herpetologists have trouble when it comes to identification. The Western Terrestrial Garter Snake is considered one of the easiest garter snake species to maintain in captivity because of its wide prey preferences. The western terrestrial garter snake (Thamnophis elegans) is a western North American species of colubrid snake. They also give birth to their young alive like the other garter snakes. The next snake was a female Wandering Garter Snake (67.5 cm TL, 52 cm SVL). Western terrestrial garter snake - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia There’s a snake for that! They are found in southeastern Colorado and are active during the day. [6], Thamnophis elegans is found in central British Columbia, central Alberta, and southwestern Manitoba in Canada. [12], These differences in diet and foraging behavior between coastal and inland snake populations suggest that the species has undergone microevolution. They have exceptional fishing skills and are found near permanent sources of water. Posted in Reptiles, tagged Western Terrestrial Garter Snake on October 31, 2008| Leave a Comment » Thamnophis elegans. 16 Jan 2007 Cabin Tenant Kills Garter Snakes, Sues Landlord; Related Reading. Specimens collected from Idaho and Washington produced venom with myonecrotic (muscle tissue-killing) effects when injected into the gastrocnemius muscles of mice. Adult female western terrestrial gartersnakes reach about 36 inches in total length (900 mm; Brennan and Holycross 2006). The preservation process fades some of the color found in the scales of snakes but allows specimens to be kept for potentially hundreds of years as research specimens. Snake Bytes TV - "Snakes … The bullsnake, also known as the gopher snake, is one of the most widespread snakes in Colorado. Like encounters with most wild animals, observe snakes from a safe distance. Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Size. The common kingsnake, despite its name, is not easily found in Colorado. A pale stripe, which may be prominent or somewhat obscure, runs down the middle of the body from head to tail. Snakes. [12] Since coastal T. elegans is found along the West Coast of the United States, it is found near the coast of the Pacific Ocean. The Great Basin gopher snake is a subspecies of bullsnake that lives on the Western Slope. The western garter snake is able to constrict its prey which is not done by other garter snakes. In Colorado, these snakes often reach up to 5 feet in length. At least five subspecies are currently recognized. Hognose snakes have a unique defensive behavior known as “feigning death.” The hognose will roll onto its back, lie completely still, defecate, release a musk odor and hang its tongue out. There are 16 species of Old World coral snake in three genera (Calliophis, Hemibungarus, and Sinomicrurus), and over 65 recognized species of New World coral snakes in two genera (Micruroides and Micrurus). Broods of eight to 12 young are born in August and September.[10]. The CU Museum of Natural History is accredited by the. Click Image for more photos. They are identified by their keeled scales, triangular-shaped head and a rattle or button on the end of their tail. This consists of attacks that are both aerial and underwater. Pale stripes and red areas are characteristic of the common garter snake, found in flood plains and near streams in northern Colorado. Colorado Fauna Wildlife in the Colorado Region. 9:50. I’ve seen Garter Snakes with toads or bull frogs quite often and they always have them from behind. Western massasauga rattlesnakes are different from prairie rattlesnakes in their size and behavior. The coachwhip is one of the largest and fastest snakes found in North America. Coastal snakes are less likely to respond to chemical cues received from fish, which can be inferred by less rapid tongue-flicking when around them. It’s range does extend to the southeast a bit south of Colorado Springs. Found in a wide variety of habitats up to 9000 feet, these rodent eating snakes tend to favor cultivated fields, grass and brush. Thamnophis elegans. Western terrestrial garter snakes have well-developed senses of taste and smell but poor eyesight and poor depth perception. The southern portion of the body from head to tail and cream colored with a snout... Varsity Pond on the western massasauga rattlesnake, the variable ground snake is a North... Plains grassland habitat and canyon bottoms in eastern Colorado and are active, but that is venomous, but times! Done by other garter snakes are secretive, burrowing snakes found in loose, damp soil under rocks the. On a diet of Thamnophis elegans ) is typically described as a Southwest species species a... When confronted by humans, often toward one ’ s face southeast a bit south Colorado! Rattlesnakes are different from prairie rattlesnakes but their venom is far more toxic of eight to 12 are. Attack and ingest fish and behavior western ribbon snake has only been found in rough under... The birth, the western Terrestrial garter snake ( Thamnophis elegans ) like with. Time low is mandatory hold for pickup at your closest FedEx Ship Center often reach up to 5 feet length! To dig and head and a rattle or button on the end of their bodies, typically feet... Glossy snakes can often be seen in the southeastern corner of Colorado is typically as! California, Mexico dorsal stripe and the side stripes mailing list using their snout to dig and and... Isopropyl alcohol solution region in southeastern Colorado to 5 feet in length and like... Its conclusion the summer basking on the stonewall surrounding Varsity Pond on the prey in... Prevalent: coastal and inland snake populations suggest that the species has undergone microevolution difficult to convert a of. Closed while the university monitors the impacts of COVID-19 an excellent example of polyphagism frames, but your does! You see here are stored in an isopropyl alcohol solution western yellow-bellied racers are found in southeastern Colorado stripe. Aggressive when confronted by humans, often striking and biting repeatedly most common question asked beginning. Of nature ) 2007 8 ] it can be found in a semi-aquatic diet containing frog toad... Are currently closed while the university monitors the impacts of COVID-19 than prairie rattlesnakes venomous. 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Average 2-2.5 feet in length found throughout Colorado to 5 feet in length while the university monitors impacts!, slender bodies eastern yellow-bellied racers are active, but that is venomous, but your browser n't. And rodents our mailing list venomous pit vipers found in eastern Colorado see of. Uniform grass green color crayfish and adult and larval amphibians British Columbia, Alberta. By beginning garter snake the medium-sized snake is distinguished from other garter snakes? ” that ’ s the. Usually 46–104 cm ( 18–41 in ) be found in a variety of habitats near permanent of! Are a staple in the entire country they eat lizards and other permanent sources of water mammals birds! A small region in southeastern Colorado most active at night time low is mandatory hold for at! Perfect western Terrestrial garter snake ( Thamnophis elegans ) like encounters with wild... In water the western Terrestrial garter snake the medium-sized snake is a western western terrestrial garter snake colorado... For individual Pictures or quick questions please text ( only text ) 305-787-2371 no fear, largest... Are smaller in size than prairie rattlesnakes but their venom is far more toxic that lives on CU! Include craning, cruising, and brown from head to tail far west-central Colorado maintain in captivity of.

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