cheka definition history

Some Cheka killings were carried out more for public effect than any political purpose. From that point, the Cheka was never restricted by the rule of law or any obligation to due process or the rights of suspects. It was created on December 20, 1917, after a decree issued by Vladimir Lenin, and was subsequently led by aristocrat-turned-communist Felix Dzerzhinsky. By the autumn of 1918, these units numbered 33 battalions and more than 20,000 men. Garb Slang. Its first leader was Felix Dzerzhinsky. Lenin subsequently altered Soviet regulations so that the Cheka was required to notify the Commissariat of an arrest or execution after after it had happened, rather than before. In Kiev, they affixed a cage with rats to the victim’s torso and heated it so that the enraged rats ate their way through the victim’s guts in an effort to escape. It was to be the “sword and shield of the revolution”, defending the new regime against its enemies within. Cheka. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. 'chad kha dgon), Kloster in Tibet; Ntabo Ntambui Cheka, Milizenführer im Kongo; Cheka (Cajuata), Ortschaft im Municipio Cajuata, Bolivien; Dies ist eine Begriffsklärungsseite zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe. By the end of the Civil War the Cheka had become a powerful force. The first of a succession of Soviet state security organizations, created in 1917. It hunted down speculators and hoarders, sometimes cordoning off entire neighbourhoods during its massive operations. Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1907-1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1917, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1918-1924, Russian Revolution memory quiz – revolutionaries, Russian Revolution memory quiz – tsarists, Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (I), Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (II), Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1906 to 1913, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1914 to 1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events to 1905. 3. It acted of its own accord, investigated and arrested whoever it chose and answered to no one. Born in Poland in 1877, Dzerzhinsky’s family were wealthy landed gentry with claims to a noble title. [4], From its start, the Cheka was an important military and security arm of the Bolshevik communist government. The Cheka (a forerunner of the notorious KGB), or political police, was formed in December 1917 to protect communist power. A small force of just a few hundred men in early 1918, within two years the Cheka was one of the largest Soviet agencies, employing around 200,000 people. Dzerzhinsky was loyal to the point of fanaticism and had been hardened by years of imprisonment. Welche Bedeutung hat der Name Cheka und welcher Herkunft ist er? The Cheka was the first Soviet state security organization. Cheka M. Hier finden Sie Imformationen über die Bedeutung und den Ursprung des afrikanischen Baby-Namens Cheka. By late 1918, hundreds of Cheka committees had been created in various cities, at multiple levels including: oblast, guberniya, raion, … It was active in assuring the food supply, in maintaining transport, in policing the Red Army and Navy, in monitoring the schools, and in ensuring that industries continued to function and deliver essential material to the state. Any promotional content will be deleted. 1. Dezember 1917 gegründete Staatssicherheit Sowjetrusslands, auf deren Tradition sich die politische Polizei der Ende 1922 gegründeten Sowjetunion berief. During its four year lifespan, the Cheka carried out arrests, interrogations, executions and campaigns entirely of its own accord. The Tsaritsyn Cheka sawed its victims’ bones in half. Its members were called Chekists well into the late 1980s. It surrounded villages and short peasants resisting the forced requisitions of grain, often leaving the peasants who remained alive without enough to eat. The Cheka became a model for 20th century secret police agencies in totalitarian states, including the Gestapo (Nazi Germany), the Stasi (East Germany) and the KGB (Soviet Russia). By late 1918, hundreds of Cheka committees had been created in the cities. A week later, the phrase “combating profiteering” was also added to the Cheka’s formal title. What is the meaning of Cheka? In Voronezh, they rolled their naked victims in nail-studded barrels. By 1919, the Cheka employed more than 100,000 people and was one of the largest and best-funded agencies of the Soviet state. Collins English Dictionary. Cheka. Another example of this public gesturing was Lenin’s famous order to the Penza Cheka to hang at least 100 men, “and make sure that the hanging takes place in full view of the people”. Its members were called Chekists well into the late 1980s. The Cheka grows. Dzerzhinsky was technically accountable to the Sovnarkom but only reported Cheka operations after they had taken place. The astonishing understanding of individuals, avoiding long conversations also undermines these. Between 1918 and 1920, the Cheka ballooned from a couple of hundred investigators to a bureaucratic and paramilitary behemoth containing more than 100,000 agents. Date accessed: January 22, 2021 It wis creatit on December 20, 1917, efter a decree issued bi Vladimir Lenin, an wis subsequently led bi Felix Dzerzhinsky, a Pols aristocrat turned communist. Many thousands of dissidents, deserters, or other people were arrested, tortured or executed by Cheka groups. In the Soviet Union, the state secret-police organization (1917–22), succeeded by the GPU. Citation information The Cheka was created on December 20, 1917, after a decree issued by Vladimir Lenin, and was subsequently led by aristocrat-turned-communist Felix Dzerzhinsky. The Cheka’s directive was to “persecute and break up all acts of counter-revolution and sabotage all over Russia, no matter what their origin”, to “bring before the Revolutionary Tribunal all counter-revolutionaries and saboteurs and to work out a plan for fighting them”, and to “make preliminary investigation only, enough to break up [counter-revolutionary acts]”. Definition funny of Cheka: In the Soviet Union, the state secret-police organization (1917–22), succeeded by the GPU. As opposition to the Bolshevik regime grew through 1918, so did the size and power of the Cheka. Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; omegawiki. As the Bolsheviks expanded their definition of who was an enemy of the revolution, they also expanded the Cheka. CHEKA agents also developed inventive but ghastly means of torture and psychological torment. WeTscheKa ist die Abkürzung für die Außerordentliche Allrussische Kommission zur Bekämpfung von Konterrevolution, Spekulation und Sabotage, die nach der Oktoberrevolution am 20. For more information, visit our FAQ page or Terms of Use. URL: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/cheka/ checa translation in Spanish - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'checar',chueca',Ceca',chechear', examples, definition, conjugation According to historian Edward Peters, some of the torture methods employed by the CHEKA included beating, burning, branding and scalping. [2], By late 1918, hundreds of Cheka committees had been created in the cities. It is not willing to take care of some subtle themes and … The name of the agency was originally "The All-Russian Emergency Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage"(Russian: Всероссийская чрезвычайная комиссия по борьбе с контрреволюцией и саботажем; Vserossiyskaya chrezvychaynaya komissiya po bor'bye s kontrrevolyutsiyei i sabotazhem), but was often shortened to "Cheka" or "VCheka". Alexander Solzhenitsyn writes that some Cheka victims were force-fed large amounts of salted fish – but were prevented from drinking water. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Cheka definition by Urban Dictionary. Report. See more. Bedeutung von Cheka: Bedeutung unbekannt: Cheka Ursprung: afrikanisch: Cheka in Wiki Encyclopedia: Wikipedia: Google: Suche Cheka bei Google : Barcode-Generator: Ähnliche Namen wie Cheka Cherethims Chepe … History. Many thousands of dissidents, deserters, or other people were arrested, tortured or executed by Cheka groups. “Its original mandate was to root out the regime’s enemies: the counter-revolutionaries and saboteurs, enemy agents and speculators. In 1918, CHEKA agents appeared in the audience of a Moscow circus and began shooting after one of its clowns, Bim Bom, made fun of the Bolsheviks and their leaders. Freebase (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: Cheka. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 16. Search Results for CHEKA Meaning of CHEKA by its letters. While the Cheka’s methods drew on those used by the Okhrana, its size and willingness to use extra-legal killing both surpassed the activities of the Tsarist security police. Russian (ˈtʃɛka) noun. This was sometimes done publicly, in order to provide a deterrent to those who might oppose the regime. Dzerzhinsky neither denied nor retreated from the Cheka’s brutal role, declaring that “we stand for organised terror, terror being absolutely indispensable in the current revolutionary conditions”. CHEKA acronym or abbreviation means: C: Meaning of C in CHEKA. On receiving the decree, Dzerzhinsky began recruiting Cheka agents. This infuriated Dzerzhinsky, who queried how it was possible for him to “crush counter-revolution with legal niceties”. Cheka in British English. The decree ordered the formation of the “All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage”. Chekists operated as investigators, arresting authorities, interrogators, prosecutors, judges, juries and executioners. According to Louise Bryant,  Dzerzhinsky adored Lenin and was “shy, aloof and deeply puritanical” – but he was also ruthless and dispassionate, hardened by years of abuse and persecution. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. What is the definition of Cheka? Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission. Chekist; Translations Playing next. Derived terms . In 1921 the troops of the Cheka numbered 200,000. [3] After 1922, Cheka groups underwent many reorganizations, as did the NKVD. Does it refer to individual members of the Cheka? The Cheka routinely used extra-legal violence and torture. How do you use Cheka in a sentence? Title: “The Cheka” The Cheka was headed by Feliz Dzerzhinsky, a Bolshevik of Polish extraction. In Odessa, they chained their victims to planks and pushed them slowly into a furnace or a tank of boiling water. Publically gives the Cheka the right to deal with 'enemy agents, profiteers, marauders, hooligans, counter rev agitators and German spies' without going through the courtds.--> One day later 'saboteurs and other parasites is added' whom the Chekha should 'shoot on the spot' At the point of the Feb 21st 1918 document did would Cheka agents have an exact idea of who they were to target? the secret police set up in 1917 by the Bolshevik government: reorganized in the Soviet Union in Dec 1922 as the GPU. He also organised Cheka paramilitary units. A historian’s view: Official figures have of course disappeared, but a conservative estimate states that between 1917 and 1923 at least 200,000 ‘dissidents’ were shot by the Cheka in labour camps, while another 300,000 died in the suppression of working-class movements, strikes and mutinies. Cheka (ЧК – чрезвыча́йная коми́ссия chrezvychaynaya komissiya, Emergency Committee, Roushie pronunciation: ) wis the first o a succession o Soviet state security organisations. In its first two years, the Cheka executed 900 people suspected of trading on the black market. All this was purposely done: to show Russians that the CHEKA was everywhere and dealt swiftly with those who betrayed or opposed the Bolshevik regime. Increases in anti-Bolshevik activity, the onset of the Civil War, the failed Left SR uprising of July 1918 and the assassination attempt on Lenin the following month saw the ranks of the Cheka grow exponentially. Cheka definition is - secret police (as in a Communist-dominated country) having virtually unrestrained power over life and death. Its first leader was Polish aristocrat-turned-communist Felix Dzerzhinsky. For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. His ruthlessness and fanaticism came to rival that of Lenin. Given a virtual blank cheque, Dzerzhinsky ordered the recruitment of thousands of new agents. Plural Chekas can be found in Google Books. 4. By late 1918, hundreds of Cheka committees had been created in the cities. Publisher: Alpha History Early Buddhist texts and modern translations. Cheka agents operated on their own accord, carrying out arrests, detention and executions. Another 600 bureaucrats were executed for “economic crimes”, mostly taking bribes. Cheka definition in English dictionary, Cheka meaning, synonyms, see also 'Chekiang',ChE',cheap',cheat'. In Kharkov, they went in for the ‘glove trick’ – burning the victim’s hands in boiling water until the blistered skin could be peeled off: this left the victims with raw and bleeding hands and their torturers with ‘human gloves’. “One feels he can neither understand nor forgive moral weaknesses in others, since he himself possesses that fanatical devotion which has made it possible for him to travel the hard, bitter road where his ideals lead”, Bryant wrote. The Cheka now outdid itself in cruelty by setting up forced labour camps entirely under its control. Cheka translation in English-Swedish dictionary. cheka . It contains 179,175 words in 288 pages and was updated on October 10th 2020. [6] The term is still found in use in Russia today. The Cheka is sometimes referred to as the Bolshevik ‘secret police’, though most Russians were well aware of its existence and activities. The Cheka (sometimes called VeCheka) was the much-feared Bolshevik security agency, formed to identify and eradicate counter-revolutionary activity. A favourite winter torture was to pour water on the naked victims until they became living ice statues. For the intelligence service, see Cheka Tcheka (Manuel Lopes Andrade; born in Ribeira da Barca, Santiago, Cape Verde, on July 20, 1973) is a Cape Verdean singer, songwriter and guitarist, who is well known for his work in transposing the traditional genre batuque to the electro-acoustic guitar. [7], From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series/ Soviet Union / Glossary", "A Stalin slip and Putin trick | Opinion", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cheka&oldid=7295660, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. 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